Dividing Up The Middle East …

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In the summer of 1920 it became clear that the many different voices and local opinions on the future of the former Ottoman provinces were going to be mostly ignored. France and Britain had their own ideas for the new mandate states in the region.

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Sicker, Martin. The Middle East in the Twentieth Century (Greenwood Publishing, 2001)
Gontaut-Biron, Roger. Comment la France s’est installée en Syrie (Paris: Plon, 1922). archive.org/details/commentlafrances00gontuoft/page/n5

Cornwallis, K. Notes on the Middle-East No.4. 1920. File 756/1917 Pt 2-3 ‘ARAB BULLETIN Nos 66-114’ [‎374r] (756/834), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/658.

Miller, David Hunter. My Diary. At the Conference of Paris. Vol 4. (New York, 1924). archive.org/details/MyDiaryAtConferenceOfParis-Vol4/mode/2up
D’Andurain, J. “Gouraud, Henri” in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, ed. by Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and

Bill Nasson, issued by Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin 2014-10-08. DOI: 10.15463/ie1418.10303.
URL: encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/gouraud_henri

Naamany, B. A hundred years since Sykes-Picot, maps’ reading. General Secretariat of the Arab League. Tunis. Tunisia. 2018. URL: nna-leb.gov.lb/en/show-news/98358/nna-leb.gov.lb/en

Meouchy, N. “Les temps et les territoires de la révolte du Nord (1919-1921).” In: Alep et ses territoires: Fabrique et politique d’une ville (1868-2011). (Beyrouth – Damas: Presses de l’Ifpo, 2014).

Raymond, André. “III – La Syrie, du Royaume arabe à l’indépendance (1914-1946)”. In La Syrie d’aujourd’hui. Aix-en-Provence: Institut de recherches et d’études sur les mondes arabes et musulmans, 1980. (pp. 55-85)

Kouyoumdjian, O. Le Liban à la veille et au début de la Grande Guerre: Mémoires d’un gouverneur, 1913-1915. Revue D’histoire Arménienne Contemporaine. Paris: Centre d’histoire arménienne contemporaine. 2003.

Government of New Zealand, Ministry for Culture and Heritage. “Anzac troops take revenge on Arab civilians at Surafend” nzhistory.govt.nz/page/anzac-troops-take-revenge-arab-civilians-surafend.

Ministère de la Guerre. Etat-major des armées. Service historique. Les armées françaises dans la Grande guerre. Tome IX. 9, 1, ANNEXES. Imprimerie Nationale. Paris. France. 1935.
Australian Imperial Force unit war diaries. 1914-1918 War. Light Horse. Item number: 10/3/47. Title : 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade. December 1918. AWM4 Class 10 – Light Horse. www.awm.gov.au/collection/C1338641

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